this case study from excellent mit china researchers paper on smart cities
China Mobile Limited, as the leading mobile services provider in Mainland
China, was incorporated in Hong Kong on 3 September 1997. China
mobile is mainly engaged in mobile voice, data, IP telephone and multimedia
services. Before all levels of government begin to construct smart
city, China Mobile have launched various products and service which
make city smart.
In 2006, the first smart mobile network, the world’s largest softswitch tandem
network, and the world’s largest data service management platform
(DSMP) was built by China Mobile. In addition, they provided many applications,
such as Locating Ambulance, E-Hospital services, Campus Information
Service, Grid Enabled Urban Management Information System,
Police Information Service, Disaster Alert System. Most of them are provided
through Short Messaging Service (SMS) and their advantages in
In 2007, they come up with Next Generation GSM (NG-GSM), with the
concurrent developments in 2G and 3G technologies. They also developed
various products and services, such as Machine to Machine Services
(M2M), banking information service, municipal information service,
building an information system to track meat production and food safety.
In 2008, they proposed “Wireless City” strategy, which plan and promote
city-level initiatives using mobile telecommunications technology, such as
CUPUM 2015 The development of smart cities in China 291-13
TD-SCDMA technology. It is a program under government leadership, including
unified wireless broadband access for all citizens and wireless services
in various fields.
In 2009, China Mobile launched Mobile Market, which is a platform for
industry chain collaboration and innovative business models. Mobile Market
provides 3 Platforms, that is, consumer-oriented one-stop sales platform,
developer-oriented one-stop service platform, and industrial chainoriented
one-stop support platform.
In 2010, China Mobile pushed forward the perfection of TD-SCDMA
Long Term Evolution (TD-LTE) technology and made breakthrough in the
research fields of cloud computing and the Internet of Things. They also
established the “114 Strategy” for the development of the Internet of
Things, and developed key technologies and standardized products, such
as applications for energy and transportation sectors among others.
In 2011, China Mobile established a new model featuring “Smart Pipe +
Open Platform + Featured Businesses + Integrated Interface”. Mobile
Market (MM), which refer to the open platform achieved 1.58 million customers
and over 630 million times of downloads cumulatively. They had
completed the development of the “Internet of Things” applications in the
agricultural, industrial and service sectors, and integrating “Wireless City”
with public administration, public services, traffic control, healthcare, education,
employment, finance and shopping and others.
In 2012, China Mobile achieved the many exceptional advances, such as
TD-LTE development, IDC construction, Internet of Things platform construction,
Call Center Construction, Logistics Center Construction.
In 2013, China Mobile successfully implemented TD-LTE trial and commercialization
of 4G technology. Their 4G service became available in 16
cities in 2013. With the existing technologies, facilities and platform, such
as IOT, cloud computing, they developed a growing variety of applications
in 2013. ...China Mobile mainly focused on the construction of
network layer, and provided applications basing on the advantages of its
network coverage. In 2006, their business was limited in application layer
and network layer, however, in 2013, all layers are included. Meanwhile,
each of layers is developing with more advanced technology, providing
more diversified services (Figure 4).
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