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Wednesday, December 28, 2016

happy20th birthday china mobile

this case study from excellent mit china researchers paper on smart cities



 China Mobile China Mobile Limited, as the leading mobile services provider in Mainland China, was incorporated in Hong Kong on 3 September 1997. China mobile is mainly engaged in mobile voice, data, IP telephone and multimedia services. Before all levels of government begin to construct smart city, China Mobile have launched various products and service which make city smart. In 2006, the first smart mobile network, the world’s largest softswitch tandem network, and the world’s largest data service management platform (DSMP) was built by China Mobile. In addition, they provided many applications, such as Locating Ambulance, E-Hospital services, Campus Information Service, Grid Enabled Urban Management Information System, Police Information Service, Disaster Alert System. Most of them are provided through Short Messaging Service (SMS) and their advantages in network technology.

In 2007, they come up with Next Generation GSM (NG-GSM), with the concurrent developments in 2G and 3G technologies. They also developed various products and services, such as Machine to Machine Services (M2M), banking information service, municipal information service, building an information system to track meat production and food safety. In 2008, they proposed “Wireless City” strategy, which plan and promote city-level initiatives using mobile telecommunications technology, such as CUPUM 2015 The development of smart cities in China 291-13 TD-SCDMA technology. It is a program under government leadership, including unified wireless broadband access for all citizens and wireless services in various fields.

In 2009, China Mobile launched Mobile Market, which is a platform for industry chain collaboration and innovative business models. Mobile Market provides 3 Platforms, that is, consumer-oriented one-stop sales platform, developer-oriented one-stop service platform, and industrial chainoriented one-stop support platform. In 2010, China Mobile pushed forward the perfection of TD-SCDMA Long Term Evolution (TD-LTE) technology and made breakthrough in the research fields of cloud computing and the Internet of Things. They also established the “114 Strategy” for the development of the Internet of Things, and developed key technologies and standardized products, such as applications for energy and transportation sectors among others.

In 2011, China Mobile established a new model featuring “Smart Pipe + Open Platform + Featured Businesses + Integrated Interface”. Mobile Market (MM), which refer to the open platform achieved 1.58 million customers and over 630 million times of downloads cumulatively. They had completed the development of the “Internet of Things” applications in the agricultural, industrial and service sectors, and integrating “Wireless City” with public administration, public services, traffic control, healthcare, education, employment, finance and shopping and others. In 2012, China Mobile achieved the many exceptional advances, such as TD-LTE development, IDC construction, Internet of Things platform construction, Call Center Construction, Logistics Center Construction.

In 2013, China Mobile successfully implemented TD-LTE trial and commercialization of 4G technology. Their 4G service became available in 16 cities in 2013. With the existing technologies, facilities and platform, such as IOT, cloud computing, they developed a growing variety of applications in 2013. ...China Mobile mainly focused on the construction of network layer, and provided applications basing on the advantages of its network coverage. In 2006, their business was limited in application layer and network layer, however, in 2013, all layers are included. Meanwhile, each of layers is developing with more advanced technology, providing more diversified services (Figure 4).

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